ه‍.ش. ۱۳۹۰ اسفند ۱۶, سه‌شنبه

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1880: Prince Leopold (1853 - 1884), Duke of Albany, youngest son of Queen Victoria, in a carriage with Nasser-Al-Din, the Shah of Persia
Prince Leopold (1853–1884), Duke of Albany, youngest son of Queen Victoria, in a carriage with Nasser-Al-Din, the Shah of Persia (left). (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1880
1880: Nasiruddin, Shah of Persia (Iran) in regal attire, with his scimitarcirca 1880:  Nasiruddin, Shah of Persia (Iran) in regal attire, with his scimitarNasiruddin, Shah of Persia (Iran) in regal attire, with his scimitar. (Photo by W. & D. Downey/Getty Images). Circa 1880
1894: British residents on horseback outside the British Post Office and Residency in the port of Bushire, IranBritish residents on horseback outside the British Post Office and Residency in the port of Bushire, Iran. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1894
1894: View of the port of Bushire, Iran, from the British Residency, showing the British flagstaff and tennis courtsView of the port of Bushire, Iran, from the British Residency, showing the British flagstaff and tennis courts. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1894
1894: Facade of the Royal Palace in Isfahan, IranFacade of the Royal Palace in Isfahan, Iran. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1894
Muzaffer Uddin (1853 - 1907) the Shah of PersiaMuzaffer Uddin (1853–1907) the Shah of Persia. (Photo by W & D Downey/Getty Images)
Crown Prince Valiaha of Persia who when older became the Shah of Iran is viewed with a group of officials after he officially opened a new military school in TehranCrown Prince Valiaha of Persia who when older became the Shah of Iran is viewed with a group of officials after he officially opened a new military school in Tehran. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1901
1907: Mohammed Ali, Shah of Persia (1872 - 1925), who reigned from 1907 to 1909Mohammed Ali, Shah of Persia (1872–1925), who reigned from 1907 to 1909. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1907
An Anglo-Iranian Oil Company oil well in Iran, 1909Anglo-Iranian Oil CompanyAnglo-Iranian Oil CompanyAn Anglo-Iranian Oil Company oil well in Iran, 1909. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Laying the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company pipeline between Masjid-i-Suleiman and Abadan in Iran, circa 1910. The pipeline was completed in 1911Laying the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company pipeline between Masjid-i-Suleiman and Abadan in  Iran, circa 1910. The pipeline was completed in 1911Laying  the  Anglo-Iranian Oil  Company pipeline between Masjid-i-Suleiman and Abadan in  Iran, circa 1910. The pipeline was completed in 1911Laying the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company pipeline between Masjid-i-Suleiman and Abadan in Iran, circa 1910. The pipeline was completed in 1911. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1910:  From left to right: Messrs. Gunning, Thornton, Wood and Garden relaxing in Bustine, Persia. Mr Wood is smoking a hookah pipeFrom left to right: Messrs. Gunning, Thornton, Wood and Garden relaxing in Bustine, Persia. Mr. Wood is smoking a hookah pipe. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). Circa 1910
The city of Shiraz in Iran, capital of Fars province, circa 1910The city of Shiraz in Iran, capital of Fars province, circa 1910. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1910: A criminal is publicly whipped in the street in PersiaA criminal is publicly whipped in the street in Persia. (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images). Circa 1910
Shah of Persia, Reza Shah Pahlavi (1877 - 1944) in military uniformShah of Persia, Reza Shah Pahlavi (1877–1944) in military uniform. (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images). 1910
1911:  Soldiers from Tehran, or Teheran, Persia, with a large machine gunSoldiers from Tehran, or Teheran, Persia, with a large machine gun. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images). Circa 1911
1919: The Shah of Persia (1898 - 1930) and Prince  Albert stand outside the Guildhall after luncheon with the Mayor and Corporation of London.  Left to right: The Lord Mayor, the Shah of Persia, Prince Albert (later George VI), and Lord Curzon. The Shah ruled from 1909 to 1925, when he was deposed by a constituent assembly which elected Reza Pahlavi to replace himThe Shah of Persia (1898–1930) and Prince Albert stand outside the Guildhall after luncheon with the Mayor and Corporation of London. Left to right: The Lord Mayor, the Shah of Persia, Prince Albert (later George VI), and Lord Curzon. The Shah ruled from 1909 to 1925, when he was deposed by a constituent assembly which elected Reza Pahlavi to replace him. (Photo by Brooke/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images). November 1919
The Palace of the Shah at Isfahan (Esfahan) in Iran, circa 1930The Palace of the Shah at Isfahan (Esfahan) in Iran, circa 1930. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1938:   Princess Fawzieh, sister of King Farouk of Egypt, who married the Crown Prince of Iran in 1939Princess Fawzieh, sister of King Farouk of Egypt, who married the Crown Prince of Iran in 1939. (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images). 1938
1939:  Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919 - 1980), the son of Reza Khan, the Shah of IranMuhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919–1980), the son of Reza Khan, the Shah of Iran. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 1939
1941: An Iranian soldier guards two German tourists near the Iranian-Turkish border during World War II. Since the British occupation of Iran, all Axis nationals are being expelled from the countryAn Iranian soldier guards two German tourists near the Iranian-Turkish border during World War II. Since the British occupation of Iran, all Axis nationals are being expelled from the country. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1941
circa 1948:  A street scene in an Iranian cityA street scene in an Iranian city. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1948
1948:  The leader of the Iranian Moslems Doctor Hamed in his office in TehranThe leader of the Iranian Moslems Doctor Hamed in his office in Tehran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1948
1948:  The Shah of Persia, accompanied by King George VI, inspecting the guard of honour of the 2nd  Battalion Coldstream Guards at Buckingham PalaceThe Shah of Persia, accompanied by King George VI, inspecting the guard of honour of the 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards at Buckingham Palace. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 20th July 1948
27th July 1948:  Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919 - 1980), the Shah of Iran, (formerly Persia), at the Sunbury Research StationMuhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919–1980), the Shah of Iran, (formerly Persia), at the Sunbury Research Station. (Photo by Express/Express/Getty Images). 27th July 1948
 
 
 
Iran. Part II (1950–1955)
 
1950:  Reza Pahlavi Mohammed,  (1919 - 1980), the  Shah of IranReza Pahlavi Mohammed, (1919–1980), the Shah of Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  Princess Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari (1932 - 2001), the Empress of Iran and wife of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The marriage was dissolved in 1958Princess Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari (1932–2001), the Empress of Iran and wife of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The marriage was dissolved in 1958. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). Circa 1950
The Shah of Iran Mohamed Mahoud Pash and the  Prince of Iran at tableThe Shah of Iran Mohamed Mahoud Pash and the Prince of Iran at table. (Photo by Riad Shehata/Getty Images). 1950
1950:  Two men perform the customary handwashing ceremony at a traditional Muslim wedding in the Mazanderan province of IranTwo men perform the customary handwashing ceremony at a traditional Muslim wedding in the Mazanderan province of Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  A peasant woman roasts a joint of meat in the Muslim manner, in the Mazanderan province of northern IranA peasant woman roasts a joint of meat in the Muslim manner, in the Mazanderan province of northern Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  A woman taking off her shoes and leaving them with a pile of others at the entrance to the former Shah of Persia's Mausoleum which is guarded by soldiersA woman taking off her shoes and leaving them with a pile of others at the entrance to the former Shah of Persia's Mausoleum which is guarded by soldiers. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950: Two actors from a production of Oscar Wilde's play, 'Lady Windemere's Fan' talk back-stage at the Theatre Saadi in TehranTwo actors from a production of Oscar Wilde's play, "Lady Windemere's Fan" talk back-stage at the Theatre Saadi in Tehran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  The exterior of Tehran's Theatre Saadi where a group of people study a billboardThe exterior of Tehran's Theatre Saadi where a group of people study a billboard. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  Iranian peasants making rugs by kneading pieces of wool together after steaming them under pressureIranian peasants making rugs by kneading pieces of wool together after steaming them under pressure. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  A young Iranian boy learning how to write on a blackboardA young Iranian boy learning how to write on a blackboard. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950
1950:  The central square of Hamadan where veiled women gather togetherThe central square of Hamadan where veiled women gather together. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1950
1950:  Princess Fatima of Persia and her bridegroom, American University graduate, Vincent Les Hillyer, at their Muslim wedding ceremony at the Persian Embassy in Paris. On the right is American film actress and dancer Rita Hayworth (1918 - 1987), Princess Aly Khan (born Margarita Carmen Cansino)Princess Fatima of Persia and her bridegroom, American University graduate, Vincent Les Hillyer, at their Muslim wedding ceremony at the Persian Embassy in Paris. On the right is American film actress and dancer Rita Hayworth (1918–1987), Princess Aly Khan (born Margarita Carmen Cansino). (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). May 1950
1951:  Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919 - 1980), the Shah of Iran, at his wedding flanked by his bride and mother1951: Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran (1919 - 1980) with his second wife Princess Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari after their wedding ceremony. His sisters who acted as bridesmaids are on the left. The marriage was dissolved in 1958Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran with his second wife Princess Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari after their wedding ceremony. His sisters who acted as bridesmaids are on the left. The marriage was dissolved in 1958. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). February 1951
14th February 1951:  The Shah of Iran arrives at his palace on the day of his weddingMuhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1919 - 1980), the Shah of Iran, immediately before his weddingMuhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, immediately before his wedding. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). 14th February 1951
1952:  A deserter from the army being escorted by two members of the military police. Desertions are frequent in Iran where the population is not accustomed to  organised militarismA deserter from the army being escorted by two members of the military police. Desertions are frequent in Iran where the population is not accustomed to organised militarism. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  A villager from the Mazanderan province in north Irannear the Russian border performing her Mohammedan dance during a wedding festival1952:  Village girls dance at a wedding festival in the Mazanderan province of nothern Iran, near the Russian borderVillage girls dance at a wedding festival in the Mazanderan province of nothern Iran, near the Russian border. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  A Khan or feudal lord of a province lifts the veil from the face of a muslim bride in a village wedding ceremony. Her groom sits beside her with lit candles symbolising lifeA Khan or feudal lord of a province lifts the veil from the face of a muslim bride in a village wedding ceremony. Her groom sits beside her with lit candles symbolising life. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  A young mother and child from the Mazanderan province in northern Iran near the Caspian Sea and the Russian borderA young mother and child from the Mazanderan province in northern Iran near the Caspian Sea and the Russian border. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  A street stall in Teheran selling bowls of steaming soupA street stall in Teheran selling bowls of steaming soup. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  Standing on a rooftop a muezzin is calling the faithful to prayer. Behind him rises a minaretStanding on a rooftop a muezzin is calling the faithful to prayer. Behind him rises a minaret. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  Shepherds from the north wear their traditional heavy woollen mantles as they stand ready to shear sheep with sycthe-like shearsShepherds from the north wear their traditional heavy woollen mantles as they stand ready to shear sheep with sycthe-like shears. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  A girl student at a vocational training school for seamstresses studies the theoretical aspects of her work. This is one of the first schools for girls founded by the government in TeheranA girl student at a vocational training school for seamstresses studies the theoretical aspects of her work. This is one of the first schools for girls founded by the government in Teheran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
1952:  Third class rail travellers on the train through the Luristan region, Iran. A man on the left is reading a magazine with an anti-Soviet cartoon depicting red Russia about to sever China's head with its symbolic sickle as the world protests in vainThird class rail travellers on the train through the Luristan region, Iran. A man on the left is reading a magazine with an anti-Soviet cartoon depicting red Russia about to sever China's head with its symbolic sickle as the world protests in vain. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1952
Official Iranian government newspapers lead with a cover denouncing the encroachment of Russia's influence in Iran. In this newspaper a red-starred hand is shown reaching over the northern border mountains of Iran into the mosques of the nationOfficial Iranian government newspapers lead with a cover denouncing the encroachment of Russia's influence in Iran. In this newspaper a red-starred hand is shown reaching over the northern border mountains of Iran into the mosques of the nation. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). 1952
1953:  Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, with his wife Soraya, Queen of Persia and daughter Princess Shahnaz at the airport at Tehran, bound for Switzerland.  The Shah left Persia for an indefinite period during which a Regency Council governed the countryMohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, with his wife Soraya, Queen of Persia and daughter Princess Shahnaz at the airport at Tehran, bound for Switzerland. The Shah left Persia for an indefinite period during which a Regency Council governed the country. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). February 1953
1954: Shielding themselves from the far-reaching heat of a burning oil well, two Iranian National Oil Company workers rush across the fields of the Iranian countrysideShielding themselves from the far-reaching heat of a burning oil well, two Iranian National Oil Company workers rush across the fields of the Iranian countryside. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1954
1954:  An Iranian oil worker in an arid landscape, an oil tank in the distance, sits enjoying the labourer's staple diet of bread and teaAn Iranian oil worker in an arid landscape, an oil tank in the distance, sits enjoying the labourer's staple diet of bread and tea. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1954
1954:  The Shah of Iran and his wife Queen Soraya Esfandiari Bakhtiari with Sir Winston Churchill leaving No 10 Downing StreetThe Shah of Iran and his wife Queen Soraya Esfandiari Bakhtiari with Sir Winston Churchill leaving No 10 Downing Street. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). 1954
1955:  A man using a sharp spade to mix straw with clay-like mud to build building blocks for houses in IranA man using a sharp spade to mix straw with clay-like mud to build building blocks for houses in Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  An Iranian smokes a Persian  hookah or  water pipe on the pavement in Isafahan. The pipe is hired by a specialist merchant for single useAn Iranian smokes a Persian hookah or water pipe on the pavement in Isafahan. The pipe is hired by a specialist merchant for single use. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  Oil drilling taking place in IranOil drilling taking place in Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  An Iranian man finishing his cup of tea from the saucerAn Iranian man finishing his cup of tea from the saucer. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A woman reading from the Koran during her prayers which she makes five times a dayA woman reading from the Koran during her prayers which she makes five times a day. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A railway engineer  resting for a cigarette at Zagheh in the Luristan mountains of West Central PersiaA railway engineer resting for a cigarette at Zagheh in the Luristan mountains of West Central Persia. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A Muslim man trims his beard at a self service barber shop at Aga Uhari, IranA Muslim man trims his beard at a self service barber shop at Aga Uhari, Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  Musicians herald the coming of bridal guests during a wedding ceremony in the Mananderen province near the Caspian SeaMusicians herald the coming of bridal guests during a wedding ceremony in the Mananderen province near the Caspian Sea. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  An Iranian soldier on sentry duty at his post near the Russian border at Babol-Sar, IranAn Iranian soldier on sentry duty at his post near the Russian border at Babol-Sar, Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  Iranian women wait outside whilst the men meet in a teashop in Mashad, IranIranian women wait outside whilst the men meet in a teashop in Mashad, Iran. (Photo by Richard Harrington/Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A well is dug in Yazd, Iran, using a wooden windlass and leather bag. Many of the methods and construction  techniques used in Iran have not changed in a thousand yearsA well is dug in Yazd, Iran, using a wooden windlass and leather bag. Many of the methods and construction techniques used in Iran have not changed in a thousand years. (Photo by Richard Harrington/Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A man smoking opium in a village in IranA man smoking opium in a village in Iran. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  A Persian soldier guarding an oil production site belonging to the Iranian oil company at Abadan on the northern tip of the Persian GulfA Persian soldier guarding an oil production site belonging to the Iranian oil company at Abadan on the northern tip of the Persian Gulf. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
1955:  The Melli bank which is the centre of foreign commerce in Teheran, Persia. The architecture is modern though the relief figures on the front are of ancient PersiansThe Melli bank which is the centre of foreign commerce in Teheran, Persia. The architecture is modern though the relief figures on the front are of ancient Persians. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955
 
 
 
 
 
19th February 1955:  Royal guests at Buckingham  Palace. From left to right, HRH the Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Soraya of Persia, The Shah of Persia and HM The QueenRoyal guests at Buckingham Palace. From left to right, HRH the Duke of Edinburgh, Queen Soraya of Persia, The Shah of Persia and HM The Queen. (Photo by Fox Photos/GettyA gun battle in
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